School Enrollments: Diverse and Rising

After years of shrinking enrollments, rural school populations are on the
rise. Minority students and English Language Learners account for a high
proportion of the increase, and many of the poorest and poorest prepared
children are entering classrooms in states with the fewest resources to teach
them. . . . In the school year 2003-2004, nearly a half of all English Language
Learners (ELL) were enrolled in rural schools.

People are Moving to Already Poor, Rural Communities

There is a growing body of evidence that rural communities are poor because
poor people are moving there.